Engine Specs - S65 Rod Bearings

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Contents

Rod Journal Dimensions

Crankshaft Rod Journals Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Rod Journal Dimensions 51.9811mm 2.04650 inch
Rod Journal Variance 51.9786 - 51.9887 mm 2.04640 - 2.04680 inch
Rod Journal Tolerance -0.0025, +0.0076 mm -0.00010, +0.00030 inch

Rod Bearing Clearance

The following clearance specifications come from BMW TIS. These are the official BMW specifications. <Link>

Crankshaft Rod Journal Clearance Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Minimum Clearance 0.010 mm 0.0004 inch
Nominal Clearance 0.022 mm 0.0009 inch
Maximum Clearance 0.034 mm 0.0013 inch

Bearings Specification, Dimensions, Clearance

OEM 088/089 Bearings

Production and Composition

BMW "088/089" bearings were the factory production bearings between 2007 to mid-2010. When the EU mandated the removal from lead in automotive bearings, BMW discontinued these bearings.

The composition is a standard babbit lead/copper bearing. They are soft faced, and easy on the crankshaft.

Manufacturer: Clevite. Clevite logo is seen on the back of the bearings.
Composition: Tri-metal lead/copper

Picture Description

BMW-RB-088-089.jpeg

Dimensions

Bearing Dimensions (088/089 Bearings) Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Top, Blue) 2.0028 mm 0.07885 inch
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Bottom, Red) 1.9977 mm 0.07865 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Top, Blue) 2.0015 - 2.0041 mm 0.07880 - 0.07890 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Bottom, Red) 1.9964 - 2.0015 mm 0.07860 - 0.07880 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Top, Blue) -0.0013 - 0.0013 mm -0.00005 - +0.00005 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Bottom, Red) -0.0013 - 0.0038 mm -0.00005 - +0.00015 inch


Bearing Clearance Specifications

Con Rod Clearance (088/089 Bearings) [* 1] Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Rod + Bearing Dimensions 52.0192 mm 2.04800 inch
Rod + Bearing Variance [* 1] 52.0040 - 52.0319 mm 2.04740 - 2.04850 inch
Nominal Rod Bearing Clearance 0.0381 mm 0.00150 inch
Bearing Clearance Variance [* 1] 0.0152 - 0.0533 mm 0.00060 - 0.00210 inch
Bearing Clearance Tolerance -0.0229 - +0.0152 mm -0.00090 - +0.00060 inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal inch   0.00073 inch/inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal Inch Variance [* 1] 0.00029 - 0.00103 inch/inch
Bearing Eccentricity 0.0216 mm 0.00085 inch
Bearing Eccentricity Variance 0.0178 - 0.0229 mm 0.00070 - 0.00090 inch
Bearing Eccentricity Tolerance -0.0038 - +0.0013 mm -0.00015 - +0.00005 inch


Clearance Measurements

Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 2.05070 2.05040 2.05035 2.05055 2.05060 2.05050 2.05035 2.05050
19.75 2.04860 2.04860 2.04880 2.04880 2.04880 2.04885 2.04885 2.04885
45.00 2.04815 2.04800 2.04840 2.04815 2.04830 2.04805 2.04835 2.04830
90.00 2.04785 2.04790 2.04795 2.04795 2.04800 2.04795 2.04800 2.04800
135.00 2.04800 2.04820 2.04820 2.04840 2.04820 2.04810 2.04840 2.04820
160.25 2.04860 2.04860 2.04880 2.04870 2.04885 2.04880 2.04870 2.04885
175.00 2.05060 2.05100 2.05035 2.05060 2.05055 2.05015 2.05050 2.05055
Clearance 0.00135 0.00140 0.00145 0.00145 0.00150 0.00145 0.00150 0.00150

Note: Clearance measurements are based on nominal rod journal diameter of 2.0465 inch.

Eccentricity Measurements

Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 0.00285 0.00250 0.00240 0.00260 0.00260 0.00255 0.00235 0.00250
19.75 0.00075 0.00070 0.00085 0.00085 0.00080 0.00090 0.00085 0.00085
45.00 0.00030 0.00010 0.00045 0.00020 0.00030 0.00010 0.00035 0.00030
90.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000
135.00 0.00015 0.00030 0.00025 0.00045 0.00020 0.00015 0.00040 0.00020
160.25 0.00075 0.00070 0.00085 0.00075 0.00085 0.00085 0.00070 0.00085
175.00 0.00275 0.00310 0.00240 0.00265 0.00255 0.00220 0.00250 0.00255


BMW 088-089 Eccentricity.jpg
Bearing Eccentricity: BMW Factory 088/089 rod bearings

OEM 702/703 Bearings

Production and Composition

EU mandates against lead/copper bearings began in 2011. However, S65 engines have been seen with mid-2010 production dates having these newer 702/703 bearings. These bearings remained in production until the end of S65 production in 2013.

The new 702/703 bearings are made from tin/aluminum composition. BMW increased the clearance slightly over the 088/089 bearings and increased the eccentricity as well. But this improvement in clearance and eccentricity came at a price. The 702/703 bearings are substantially harder than the 088/089 bearings they replaced. As a consequence, when a bearing is spun, it tends to cause more damage to the crankshaft in the process.

Manufacturer: Glyco.
Bearing composition: Bimetal Aluminum

Picture Description

BMW-RB-702-703.jpg

Dimensions

Bearing Dimensions (702/703 Bearings) Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Top, Blue) 1.9977 mm 0.07865 inch
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Bottom, Red) 1.9939 mm 0.07850 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Top, Blue) 1.9977 - 1.9990 mm 0.07865 - 0.07870 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Bottom, Red) 1.9939 - 1.9952 mm 0.07850 - 0.07855 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Top, Blue) 0.0000 - 0.0013 mm 0.00000 - +0.00005 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Bottom, Red) 0.0000 - 0.0013 mm 0.00000 - +0.00005 inch


Bearing Clearance Specifications

Con Rod Clearance (702/703 Bearings) Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Rod + Bearing Dimensions 52.0192 mm 2.04800 inch
Rod + Bearing Variance 52.0179 - 52.0294 mm 2.04795 - 2.04840 inch
Nominal Rod Bearing Clearance 0.0381 mm 0.00150 inch
Bearing Clearance Variance 0.0292 - 0.0508 mm 0.00115 - 0.00200 inch
Bearing Clearance Tolerance -0.0089 - +0.0127 mm -0.00035 - +0.00050 inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal inch   0.00073 inch/inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal Inch Variance 0.00056 - 0.00098 inch/inch
Bearing Eccentricity 0.0508 mm 0.00200 inch
Bearing Eccentricity Variance 0.0444 - 0.0584 mm 0.00175 - 0.00230 inch
Bearing Eccentricity Tolerance -0.0063 - +0.0076 mm -0.00025 - +0.00030 inch


Clearance Measurements

Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 2.05280 2.05290 2.05290 2.05280 2.05250 2.05260 2.05270 2.05290
19.75 2.05045 2.05035 2.05035 2.05020 2.05010 2.05020 2.05035 2.05035
45.00 2.04900 2.04880 2.04880 2.04920 2.04870 2.04890 2.04880 2.04890
90.00 2.04830 2.04815 2.04840 2.04820 2.04835 2.04830 2.04820 2.04820
135.00 2.04900 2.04890 2.04900 2.04885 2.04900 2.04890 2.04890 2.04885
160.25 2.05035 2.05045 2.05035 2.05020 2.05040 2.05040 2.05035 2.05020
175.00 2.05280 2.05300 2.05270 2.05280 2.05285 2.05290 2.05285 2.05300
Clearance 0.00180 0.00165 0.00190 0.00170 0.00185 0.00180 0.00170 0.00170

Note: Clearance measurements are based on nominal rod journal diameter of 2.0465 inch.

Eccentricity Measurements

Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 0.00450 0.00475 0.00450 0.00460 0.00415 0.00430 0.00450 0.00470
19.75 0.00215 0.00220 0.00195 0.00200 0.00175 0.00190 0.00215 0.00215
45.00 0.00070 0.00065 0.00040 0.00100 0.00035 0.00060 0.00060 0.00070
90.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000
135.00 0.00070 0.00075 0.00060 0.00065 0.00065 0.00060 0.00070 0.00065
160.25 0.00205 0.00230 0.00195 0.00200 0.00205 0.00210 0.00215 0.00200
175.00 0.00450 0.00485 0.00430 0.00460 0.00450 0.00460 0.00465 0.00480


BMW 702-703 Eccentricity.jpg
Bearing Eccentricity: BMW Factory 702/703 rod bearings

BE Bearings

Production and Composition

Manufacturer: Clevite
Composition: Tri-metal lead/copper
Coating: Clevite TriArmor®
Part Number: SP1527HK
Target Market: Extra clearance OEM replacement

BE Bearings are a full custom rod bearing designed and manufactured by Clevite. Clevite manufactures the bearings to the BE Bearing specifications.

The composition is a standard babbit lead/copper bearing with additional Clevite Tri-Armor non-friction coating. They are soft faced, and easy on the crankshaft, and compatible with stop-start vehicles.

Lead/Copper, Tri-Metal design Tri-Metal, lead/copper are considered the world's best bearings.  The steel backing is coated with copper, then topped with a soft lead.  The lead is embeddable, meaning small particles can embed themselves in the lead without causing any damage to the crankshaft.  Look in the best automotive engines, and you're likely to find a Tri-Metal bearing design.

Used Oil Analysis (UOA) BE Bearings chose the Tri-Metal lead/copper bearings to track the metals in the UOA like Blackstone.  Owners with 2008-2010.5 vehicles still have the lead/copper bearings and can track their bearing life with the UOA.  The newer tin/aluminum BMW bearings are virtually untrackable in the UOA.  BE Bearings wanted their bearings to show up in the UOA, and another reason they chose the Tri-Metal, lead/copper design.

Factory BMW oil recommendations There's a lot of discussion about the best for the S65/S85.  BMW specified 10W60 weight oil, and many people believe this is too thick for the bearing clearances.  Others believe BMW chose it for a specific engineering reason and refuse to switch regardless of the too-thin oil clearance.  For better peace of mind, BE Bearings wanted their bearing owners to know they can safely use 10W60 oil with their bearings, just as BMW had specified in the first place.

Clevite TriArmor® coating For increased bearing life and durability, BE Bearings chose to add the Clevite TriArmor coating.  TriArmor is a low-friction coating offered directly from Clevite with a Clevite warranty.  It's ideally suited for start-stop engines and protects the crankshaft and bearings at critical times of low oil pressure and/or during start up.

Picture Description

Standard (STD)

BEB-SP1527HK.jpeg

+0.025 MM, +0.001 INCH

BEB-SP1527HK+025MM.jpg

Dimensions

Standard (STD)
Bearing Dimensions (BE Bearings Bearings) Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Top=Bottom) 1.9876 mm 0.07825 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Top=Bottom) 1.9812 - 1.9939 mm 0.07800 - 0.07850 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Top=Bottom) -0.0064 - 0.0064 mm -0.00025 - +0.00025 inch
+0.025 MM, +0.001 INCH
Bearing Dimensions (BE Bearings Bearings) Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Top=Bottom) 2.0003 mm 0.07875 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Top=Bottom) 1.9939 - 2.0066 mm 0.07850 - 0.07900 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Top=Bottom) -0.0064 - 0.0064 mm -0.00025 - +0.00025 inch


Bearing Clearance Specifications

BE Bearings (Clevite) Custom Rod Bearings Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Rod + Bearing Dimensions 52.0408 mm 2.04885 inch
Rod + Bearing Variance 52.0344 - 52.0497 mm 2.04860 - 2.04920 inch
Nominal Rod Bearing Clearance 0.0597 mm 0.00235 inch
Bearing Clearance Variance 0.0457 - 0.0711 mm 0.00180 - 0.00280 inch
Bearing Clearance Tolerance -0.0140 - +0.0114 mm -0.00055 - +0.00045 inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal inch   0.00115 inch/inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal Inch Variance 0.00088 - 0.00137 inch/inch
Bearing Eccentricity 0.0419 mm 0.00165 inch
Bearing Eccentricity Variance 0.0229 - 0.0483 mm 0.00090 - 0.00190 inch
Bearing Eccentricity Tolerance -0.0191 - +0.0063 mm -0.00075 - +0.00025 inch

Clearance Measurements

Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 2.05280 2.05200 2.05305 2.05190 2.05270 2.05290 2.05235 2.05225
19.75 2.05050 2.05040 2.05030 2.05030 2.05070 2.05055 2.05065 2.05025
45.00 2.04930 2.04910 2.04920 2.04935 2.04965 2.04940 2.04965 2.04940
90.00 2.04860 2.04885 2.04870 2.04900 2.04920 2.04875 2.04900 2.04885
135.00 2.04900 2.04930 2.04920 2.04940 2.04910 2.04910 2.04930 2.04920
160.25 2.05010 2.05050 2.05045 2.05065 2.05010 2.05010 2.05000 2.05005
175.00 2.05315 2.05205 2.05280 2.05290 2.05260 2.05270 2.05250 2.05190
Clearance 0.00210 0.00235 0.00220 0.00250 0.00270 0.00225 0.00250 0.00235

Note: Clearance measurements are based on nominal rod journal diameter of 2.0465 inch.

Eccentricity Measurements

Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 0.00420 0.00315 0.00435 0.00290 0.00350 0.00415 0.00335 0.00340
19.75 0.00190 0.00155 0.00160 0.00130 0.00150 0.00180 0.00165 0.00140
45.00 0.00070 0.00025 0.00050 0.00035 0.00045 0.00065 0.00065 0.00055
90.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000
135.00 0.00040 0.00045 0.00050 0.00040 -0.00010 0.00035 0.00030 0.00035
160.25 0.00150 0.00165 0.00175 0.00165 0.00090 0.00135 0.00100 0.00120
175.00 0.00455 0.00320 0.00410 0.00390 0.00340 0.00395 0.00350 0.00305


BEB SP1527HK Eccentricity.jpg
Bearing Eccentricity: BE Bearings vs. stock 088/089 vs. stock 702/703 rod bearings

King Bearings

Production and Composition

Manufacturer: King
Composition: Tri-metal silver/copper (upper shells), Tri-metal lead/copper (lower shells)
Coating: None
Part Number: CR 224SV
Target Market: Engine rebuild replacement only -- NOT OEM replacement.

Upper and lower shells of the King bearings are different. They are different compounds with different load characteristics. The upper shell are the King K796 SV compound: a silver/copper tri-metal design with more load capacity than the lower shell. The lower shell are the King K794 CP compound: a lead/copper tri-metal design.

The upper shells are stamped SV which indicates the King K796 compound. The lower shells are stamped CP which indicates the King K794 compound.

Information on these King compounds and chemical composition is available at the following web page. http://www.kingbearings.com/material-type/copper-based/

Installation Notes: King CR 224SV rod bearings are not intended for OEM replacements. Usage of these rod bearings requires the connecting rod big-end to be honed to size with new rod bolts. The OEM connecting rod big-end bore is specified between 56.0000 - 56.0130 mm. The King big-end specification is set to 56.055mm -- which is larger than factory specifications. Due to this change in specification, the rod big-end bore must be honed to match these specification before these rod bearings would be suitable for use. Consult your engine builder before attempting to use these bearings as an OEM replacement.

Picture Description

Standard (STD)

King-RB-CR224SV.jpg

Dimensions

Bearing Dimensions Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Top, SV) 1.9914 mm 0.07840 inch
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Bottom, CP) 1.9952 mm 0.07855 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Top, SV) 1.9863 - 1.9914 mm 0.07820 - 0.07840 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Bottom, CP) 1.9914 - 2.0066 mm 0.07840 - 0.07900 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Top, SV) -0.0051 - 0.0013 mm -0.00020 - +0.00000 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Bottom, CV) -0.0038 - 0.0114 mm 0.00014 - +0.00045 inch


Clearance Measurements

Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 2.05235 2.05290 2.05260 2.05400 2.05280 2.05475 2.05265 2.05540
19.75 2.05105 2.05160 2.05130 2.05200 2.05120 2.05225 2.05110 2.05280
45.00 2.04940 2.04990 2.04960 2.05030 2.04940 2.05055 2.04965 2.05090
90.00 2.04795 2.04820 2.04820 2.04855 2.04855 2.04855 2.04855 2.04890
135.00 2.04905 2.04940 2.04975 2.04950 2.05000 2.04975 2.05055 2.04990
160.25 2.05155 2.05155 2.05210 2.05180 2.05320 2.05215 2.05240 2.05200
175.00 2.05365 2.05280 2.05460 2.05310 2.05530 2.05360 2.05515 2.05295
Clearance 0.00145 0.00170 0.00170 0.00205 0.00205 0.00205 0.00205 0.00240

Note: Clearance measurements are based on nominal rod journal diameter of 2.0465 inch.

Eccentricity Measurements

Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 0.00440 0.00470 0.00440 0.00545 0.00425 0.00620 0.00410 0.00650
19.75 0.00310 0.00340 0.00310 0.00345 0.00265 0.00370 0.00255 0.00390
45.00 0.00145 0.00170 0.00140 0.00175 0.00085 0.00200 0.00110 0.00200
90.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000
135.00 0.00110 0.00120 0.00155 0.00095 0.00145 0.00120 0.00200 0.00100
160.25 0.00360 0.00335 0.00390 0.00325 0.00465 0.00360 0.00385 0.00310
175.00 0.00570 0.00460 0.00640 0.00455 0.00675 0.00505 0.00660 0.00405


King CR224SV Eccentricity.png
Bearing Eccentricity: King Bearings vs. stock 702/703 rod bearings

ACL Bearings

ACL Race Bearing Catalog: http://www.aclperformance.com.au/documents/56469_RaceSeriesInfo.pdf
BE Bearings Photo Blog: http://www.rcollins-home.org/photobucket/thumbnails.php?album=278

Production and Composition

Manufacturer: ACL
Composition: Tri-metal lead/copper
Coating: None
Part Number: 8B1580H (STD, +0.25 mm), 8B1580HX (+0.025 mm)
Target Market: OEM replacement market; Minimal increase in clearance over OEM rod bearings

ACL Bearings are a full custom rod bearing designed and manufactured by ACL. ACL manufactures the bearings to their own custom specifications.

The composition is a standard lead/copper bearing. The bearing does not contain a low-friction coating.

Set Numbering ACL RACE Series bearing sets are identified by the ‘H’ after the set number e.g. 8B663H-Std. Most ACL RACE Series bearings are also produced in a ‘HX’ version e.g. 8B663HX-Std. The ‘X’ signifies the set will give an extra .001” (.025mm) oil clearance on a standard size shaft when compared to the H-STD set. The wall size of these HX-STD bearings is .0005” (.013mm) thinner than the H-STD Bearings, in all other respects the HX set is identical to the H-STD set. There are selected con rod bearing sets that are manufactured with a dowel hole in the lower shell, to suit a dowel location in the con rod cap. These are designated with a ‘D’ in the set numbering e.g. 8B663HD-Std or 8B663HXD-Std etc.

Lead/Copper, Tri-Metal design Tri-Metal, lead/copper are considered the world's best bearings.  The steel backing is coated with copper, then topped with a soft lead.  The lead is embeddable, meaning small particles can embed themselves in the lead without causing any damage to the crankshaft.  Look in the best automotive engines, and you're likely to find a Tri-Metal bearing design.

Oil Clearances Oil clearances are most accurately measured using micrometres and bore gauges. Bearing wall thickness measurements are taken at 90 degrees to the parting line (i.e. at the crown of the bearing) using a micrometre with a ball anvil, for use on the curved ID of the bearing.

Vertical oil clearance is best measured by assembling the bearing in its housing, with bolts torqued to specification, then using a bore gauge measure the assembled ID of the bearings at 90 degrees to the parting faces. The mating crankshaft journal size is measured, and subtracting this measurement from the bearing ID bore size, gives the assembled oil clearance.

ACL RACE bearings can be assembled with .00075-.001” per 1” of journal diameter (0.020-0.025mm per 25mm of journal diameter) plus .0005” (0.013mm).

As an example for a 2.000” (50mm) journal diameter, 2.000 x .001= .002 + .0005 = .0025” (50/25 x 0.025= 0.050 + .013 = 0.063 mm) Bearings should not be polished with abrasive pads or paper, on the bearing surface, to change the oil clearance.

Picture Description

Questions about the appearance of the RACE Series bearings are quite common, as this series of tri-metal copper lead bearings have a very different appearance to regular aftermarket “ACL Duraglide” tri-metal bearings, which have a light silver /grey appearance.

The RACE Series performance bearings as manufactured have an appearance that is a dark tarnished colouration, which can vary from dark black/brown/blue colours. This colour comes from the electroplating which is the last manufacturing process. The electroplated overlay has copper as one part of its composition, which tarnishes to the dark colours described above. This tarnish colouration has negligible thickness, so once installed in the engine, the crankshaft journal contacting the bearing, will polish the bearing surface, removing the surface colour and leaving the bearings with a polished silver appearance.

Performance bearings do not start out with the silver grey appearance of regular aftermarket bearings, as there is no final silvery tin flash applied to these bearings. Not applying a silvery tin flash to these high performance bearings is a specific design feature. A silvery tin flash for appearance and long term corrosion protection, as applied to the regular aftermarket bearings, can under high loading and heat, move, with the plate migrating and causing high spots on the back of the shells, and distorting the bearing. For this reason the ACL RACE Series performance bearings do not have a cosmetic silvery tin flash applied, so there is no risk of any overlay plate movement on the backs of the shells, giving better bearing to housing contact and better bearing performance and function.

Standard (STD)

ACL PartNum.JPG

+0.250 MM, +0.010 INCH

ACL+025 PartNum.jpg

Dimensions

ACL-H-STD
Bearing Dimensions (ACL Bearings) Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Top=Bottom) 1.9900 mm 0.07870 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Top=Bottom) 1.9939 - 2.0003 mm 0.07850 - 0.07875 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Top=Bottom) -0.0051 - 0.0013 mm -0.00020 - +0.00005 inch
ACL-HX-STD (+0.025 MM, +0.001 INCH)
Bearing Dimensions (ACL Bearings) Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Top=Bottom) 1.9850 mm 0.07815 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Top=Bottom) 1.9825 - 1.9850 mm 0.07805 - 0.07815 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Top=Bottom) -0.0025 - 0.0000 mm -0.00010 - +0.00000 inch
ACL-H+0.25 (+0.250 MM, +0.010 INCH)
Bearing Dimensions (ACL Bearings) Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Top=Bottom) 2.1209 mm 0.08350 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Top=Bottom) 2.1184 - 2.1247 mm 0.08340 - 0.08365 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Top=Bottom) -0.0013 - 0.0038 mm -0.00005 - +0.00015 inch


Bearing Clearance Specifications

ACL-H-STD
ACL Bearings (ACL) Custom Rod Bearings Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Rod + Bearing Dimensions 52.0294 mm 2.04840 inch
Rod + Bearing Variance 52.0294 - 52.0383 mm 2.04840 - 2.04875 inch
Nominal Rod Bearing Clearance 0.0483 mm 0.00190 inch
Bearing Clearance Variance 0.0406 - 0.0597 mm 0.00160 - 0.00235 inch
Bearing Clearance Tolerance -0.0076 - +0.0114 mm -0.00030 - +0.00035 inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal inch   0.00093 inch/inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal Inch Variance 0.00078 - 0.00115 inch/inch
Bearing Eccentricity 0.0533 mm 0.00210 inch
Bearing Eccentricity Variance 0.0343 - 0.0622 mm 0.00135 - 0.00245 inch
Bearing Eccentricity Tolerance -0.0191 - +0.0089 mm -0.00075 - +0.00035 inch
ACL-HX-STD
ACL Bearings (ACL) Custom Rod Bearings Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Rod + Bearing Dimensions 52.0548 mm 2.04940 inch
Rod + Bearing Variance 52.0497 - 52.0624 mm 2.04920 - 2.04970 inch
Nominal Rod Bearing Clearance 0.0737 mm 0.00290 inch
Bearing Clearance Variance 0.0610 - 0.0838 mm 0.00240 - 0.00330 inch
Bearing Clearance Tolerance -0.0127 - +0.0102 mm -0.00050 - +0.00040 inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal inch   0.00142 inch/inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal Inch Variance 0.00117 - 0.00161 inch/inch
Bearing Eccentricity 0.0864 mm 0.00340 inch
Bearing Eccentricity Variance 0.0635 - 0.1118 mm 0.00250 - 0.00440 inch
Bearing Eccentricity Tolerance -0.0229 - +0.0254 mm -0.00090 - +0.00100 inch

Clearance Measurements

ACL-H-STD
Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 2.05220 2.05225 2.05320 2.05280 2.05105 2.05245 2.05115 2.05315
19.75 2.04985 2.05060 2.05050 2.05050 2.05015 2.05050 2.05020 2.05100
45.00 2.04885 2.04900 2.04900 2.04900 2.04920 2.04920 2.04920 2.04940
90.00 2.04850 2.04850 2.04840 2.04840 2.04875 2.04840 2.04865 2.04855
135.00 2.04920 2.04840 2.04900 2.04940 2.04940 2.04900 2.04930 2.04925
160.25 2.05060 2.05040 2.05020 2.05060 2.05060 2.05060 2.05020 2.05055
175.00 2.05150 2.05205 2.05100 2.05200 2.05280 2.05210 2.05240 2.05120
Clearance 0.00200 0.00200 0.00190 0.00190 0.00225 0.00190 0.00215 0.00205

Note: Clearance measurements are based on nominal rod journal diameter of 2.0465 inch.

ACL-HX-STD
Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 2.05430 2.05450 2.05350 2.05420 2.05500 2.05500 2.05460 2.05515
19.75 2.05240 2.05260 2.05200 2.05245 2.05300 2.05300 2.05280 2.05300
45.00 2.05070 2.05080 2.05040 2.05070 2.05115 2.05115 2.05100 2.05105
90.00 2.04940 2.04950 2.04950 2.04960 2.04960 2.04940 2.04940 2.04920
135.00 2.05055 2.05060 2.05100 2.05080 2.05070 2.05085 2.05080 2.05080
160.25 2.05230 2.05300 2.05330 2.05310 2.05250 2.05300 2.05365 2.05360
175.00 2.05460 2.05480 2.05520 2.05500 2.05500 2.05510 2.05560 2.05500
Clearance 0.00290 0.00300 0.00300 0.00310 0.00310 0.00290 0.00290 0.00270

Note: Clearance measurements are based on nominal rod journal diameter of 2.0465 inch.

Eccentricity Measurements

ACL-H-STD
Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 0.00370 0.00375 0.00480 0.00440 0.00230 0.00405 0.00250 0.00460
19.75 0.00135 0.00210 0.00210 0.00210 0.00140 0.00210 0.00155 0.00245
45.00 0.00035 0.00050 0.00060 0.00060 0.00045 0.00080 0.00055 0.00085
90.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000
135.00 0.00070 -0.00010 0.00060 0.00100 0.00065 0.00060 0.00065 0.00070
160.25 0.00210 0.00190 0.00180 0.00220 0.00185 0.00220 0.00155 0.00200
175.00 0.00300 0.00355 0.00260 0.00360 0.00405 0.00370 0.00375 0.00265
ACL-HX-STD
Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 0.00490 0.00500 0.00400 0.00460 0.00540 0.00560 0.00520 0.00595
19.75 0.00300 0.00310 0.00250 0.00285 0.00340 0.00360 0.00340 0.00380
45.00 0.00130 0.00130 0.00090 0.00110 0.00155 0.00175 0.00160 0.00185
90.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000
135.00 0.00115 0.00110 0.00150 0.00120 0.00110 0.00145 0.00140 0.00160
160.25 0.00290 0.00350 0.00380 0.00350 0.00290 0.00360 0.00425 0.00440
175.00 0.00520 0.00530 0.00570 0.00540 0.00540 0.00570 0.00620 0.00580


Eccentricity Graph

ACL Eccentricity.jpg
Bearing Eccentricity: ACL Bearings vs. stock 702/703 rod bearings

VAC Clevite Bearings

Production and Composition

Manufacturer: Clevite
Composition: Tri-metal lead/copper
Coating: Calico CT-1
Part Number: SP1512HX
Target Market: OEM replacement market; Standard (factory) clearance, not extra.

Custom made by Clevite for VAC Motorsports.

The composition is a standard babbit lead/copper bearing with additional Calico non-friction coating. They are soft faced, and easy on the crankshaft, and compatible with stop-start vehicles.

Picture Description

VAC-SP1512HX.jpg

Dimensions

Bearing Dimensions (VAC Clevite Bearings) Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Top=Bottom) 1.9901 mm 0.07835 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Top=Bottom) 1.9876 - 1.9914 mm 0.07825 - 0.07840 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Top=Bottom) -0.0025 - 0.0013 mm -0.00010 - +0.00005 inch


Bearing Clearance Specifications

VAC (Clevite) Custom Rod Bearings Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Rod + Bearing Dimensions 52.0344 mm 2.04860 inch
Rod + Bearing Variance 52.0294 - 52.0344 mm 2.04840 - 2.04860 inch
Nominal Rod Bearing Clearance 0.0533 mm 0.00210 inch
Bearing Clearance Variance 0.0406 - 0.0559 mm 0.00160 - 0.00220 inch
Bearing Clearance Tolerance -0.0127 - +0.0025 mm -0.00050 - +0.00010 inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal inch   0.00103 inch/inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal Inch Variance 0.00078 - 0.00108 inch/inch
Bearing Eccentricity 0.0203 mm 0.00080 inch
Bearing Eccentricity Variance 0.0114 - 0.0254 mm 0.00045 - 0.00100 inch
Bearing Eccentricity Tolerance -0.0089 - +0.0051 mm -0.00035 - +0.00020 inch


Clearance Measurements

Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 2.05160 2.05115 2.05080 2.05100 2.05100 2.05080 2.05120 2.05100
19.75 2.04920 2.04925 2.04925 2.04950 2.04940 2.04940 2.04945 2.04925
45.00 2.04860 2.04860 2.04860 2.04875 2.04875 2.04880 2.04880 2.04860
90.00 2.04860 2.04840 2.04840 2.04860 2.04860 2.04840 2.04860 2.04860
135.00 2.04900 2.04880 2.04865 2.04865 2.04865 2.04875 2.04885 2.04890
160.25 2.04905 2.04940 2.04920 2.04955 2.04920 2.04930 2.04940 2.04955
175.00 2.05060 2.05000 2.05100 2.05100 2.05060 2.05090 2.05100 2.05090
Clearance 0.00210 0.00190 0.00190 0.00210 0.00210 0.00190 0.00210 0.00210

Note: Clearance measurements are based on nominal rod journal diameter of 2.0465 inch.

Eccentricity Measurements

Angle Rod-1 Rod-2 Rod-3 Rod-4 Rod-5 Rod-6 Rod-7 Rod-8
5.00 0.00300 0.00275 0.00240 0.00240 0.00240 0.00240 0.00260 0.00240
19.75 0.00060 0.00085 0.00085 0.00090 0.00080 0.00100 0.00085 0.00065
45.00 0.00000 0.00020 0.00020 0.00015 0.00015 0.00040 0.00020 0.00000
90.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000
135.00 0.00040 0.00040 0.00025 0.00005 0.00005 0.00035 0.00025 0.00030
160.25 0.00045 0.00100 0.00080 0.00095 0.00060 0.00090 0.00080 0.00095
175.00 0.00200 0.00160 0.00260 0.00240 0.00200 0.00250 0.00240 0.00230


VAC SP1512HX Eccentricity.jpg
Bearing Eccentricity: VAC-Clevite vs. stock 088/089 vs. stock 702/703 rod bearings

WPC Treated Bearings

Production and Composition

WPC treated bearings start life as standard 072/703 bearings. These bearings are sold through Auto Talent and EAS. An end-user may also send bearings to WPC for treatment. Unlike Calico CT-1 coating, the WPC treated bearings slightly remove material to create a low-friction surface. Manufacturer: WPC

Dimensions

Bearing (WPC Treated Bearings) Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Top, Blue) 1.9939 mm 0.07850 inch
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Bottom, Red) 1.9901 mm 0.07835 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Top, Blue) 1.9939 - 1.9952 mm 0.07850 - 0.07855 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Bottom, Red) 1.9901 - 1.9914 mm 0.07835 - 0.07840 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Top, Blue) 0.0000 - 0.0013 mm 0.00000 - +0.00005 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Bottom, Red) 0.0000 - 0.0013 mm 0.00000 - +0.00005 inch


Bearing Clearance Specifications

WPC Treated Rod Bearings [* 2] Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Rod + Bearing Dimensions 52.0281 mm 2.04835 inch
Rod + Bearing Variance 52.0268 - 52.0332 mm 2.04830 - 2.04855 inch
Nominal Rod Bearing Clearance 0.0470 mm 0.00185 inch
Bearing Clearance Variance 0.0381 - 0.0546 mm 0.00150 - 0.00215 inch
Bearing Clearance Tolerance -0.0089 - +0.0076 mm -0.00035 - +0.00030 inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal inch   0.00090 inch/inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal Inch Variance 0.00073 - 0.00105 inch/inch


Calico Coated 702/703 Bearings

Production and Composition

Calico coated bearings start life as standard 702/703 bearings. These bearings are sold through VAC, ESS, and Harrop. An end-user may also send bearings to Calico for coating. Calico adds their CT-1 coating to the surface of the bearing. The coating adds a slight thickness, thereby decreasing bearing clearance. The thickness to each shell is estimated by Calico between 0.0002 - 0.0004 inch.
Manufacturer: Calico Coatings
Manufacturing Defects: There's two primary manufacturing defects associated with Calico coated bearings.

  1. Calico coating is also placed on the parting lines. The material on the parting lines will affect the "bearing crush" and may wear unevenly or in a different manner than a standard OEM bearing.
  2. BMW bearings are sold in upper (blue) and lower (red) bearing shells. When the Calico coating is applied, this color distinction is lost. The upper (blue) bearings are slightly thicker than the lower (red) bearings. However, Calico habitually mixes these shells up and returns them to the customer mislabeled: uppers are now lowers, and visa-versa.

Dimensions

Bearing Dimensions (Calico Coated 702/703 Bearings) Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Top, Blue) 2.0003 mm 0.07875 inch
Nominal Bearing Thickness (Bottom, Red) 1.9939 mm 0.07850 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Top, Blue) 1.9990 - 2.0028 mm 0.07870 - 0.07885 inch
Bearing Thickness Variance (Bottom, Red) 1.9939 - 1.9964 mm 0.07850 - 0.07860 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Top, Blue) -0.0013 - 0.0025 mm -0.00005 - +0.00010 inch
Bearing Tolerance (Bottom, Red) -0.0000 - 0.0025 mm -0.00000 - +0.00010 inch


Bearing Clearance Specifications

Calico Coated 702/703 Bearings [* 3] Metric Dimensions SAE (Inch) Dimensions
Rod + Bearing Dimensions 52.0179 mm 2.04795 inch
Rod + Bearing Variance 52.0154 - 52.0192 mm 2.04785 - 2.04780 inch
Nominal Rod Bearing Clearance 0.0368 mm 0.00145 inch
Bearing Clearance Variance 0.0267 - 0.0406 mm 0.00105 - 0.00160 inch
Bearing Clearance Tolerance -0.0102 - +0.0038 mm -0.00040 - +0.00015 inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal inch   0.00071 inch/inch
Bearing Clearance per Journal Inch Variance 0.00051 - 0.00078 inch/inch


Bearing Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Roll-up of measurements taken from all cranks, all journals, and all OEM bearings.
  2. Full set of virgin WPC treated bearings measured in rods, and rolled-up with measurements from all cranks and all journals.
  3. Full set of virgin Calico coated bearings measured in rods, and rolled-up with measurements from all cranks and all journals.

Rod Bearing Part Numbers, History

BMW Part Number Description Location Color Standard Size Bearings Application Prod. Start Prod. End Superceded By
11 24 7 835 662 Connecting Rod Bearing Bottom Red 52.00 mm (+0.00 mm) S85B50 Apr-04 Apr-04 11 24 7 836 288
11 24 7 835 663 Connecting Rod Bearing Top Blue 52.00 mm (+0.00 mm) S85B50 Apr-04 Apr-04 11 24 7 836 289
11 24 7 836 288 Connecting Rod Bearing Bottom Red 52.00 mm (+0.00 mm) S85B50 Sep-04 Apr-07 11 24 7 838 088
11 24 7 836 289 Connecting Rod Bearing Top Blue 52.00 mm (+0.00 mm) S85B50 Sep-04 May-07 11 24 7 838 089
11 24 7 838 088 Connecting Rod Bearing Bottom Red 52.00 mm (+0.00 mm) S85B50, S65B40, S65B44 Feb-06 Oct-11 11 24 7 841 702
11 24 7 838 089 Connecting Rod Bearing Top Blue 52.00 mm (+0.00 mm) S85B50, S65B40, S65B44 Feb-06 Mar-11 11 24 7 841 703
11 24 7 841 702 Connecting Rod Bearing Bottom Red 52.00 mm (+0.00 mm) S85B50, S65B40, S65B44 Jun-10 Present
11 24 7 841 703 Connecting Rod Bearing Top Blue 52.00 mm (+0.00 mm) S85B50, S65B40, S65B44 Jun-10 Present  


BMW Part Number Description Location Color Oversize Bearings Application Prod. Start Prod. End Superceded By
11 24 7 835 974 Connecting Rod Bearing Bottom Red 51.75 mm (+0.25 mm) S85B50 Apr-04 Apr-04 11 24 7 836 290
11 24 7 835 975 Connecting Rod Bearing Top Blue 51.75 mm (+0.25 mm) S85B50 Apr-04 Apr-04 11 24 7 836 291
11 24 7 836 290 Connecting Rod Bearing Bottom Red 51.75 mm (+0.25 mm) S85B50 Aug-05 Dec-07 11 24 7 838 090
11 24 7 836 291 Connecting Rod Bearing Top Blue 51.75 mm (+0.25 mm) S85B50 Aug-05 Dec-07 11 24 7 838 091
11 24 7 838 090 Connecting Rod Bearing Bottom Red 51.75 mm (+0.25 mm) S85B50, S65B40, S65B44 Sep-05 Present
11 24 7 838 091 Connecting Rod Bearing Top Blue 51.75 mm (+0.25 mm) S85B50, S65B40, S65B44 Sep-05 Present  


Supporting Measurements

Connecting Rod Journals

Cyl-5 Cyl-1 Cyl-6 Cyl-2 Cyl-7 Cyl-3 Cyl-8 Cyl-4
Engine-1 2.04650 2.04655 2.04655 2.04650 2.04660 2.04655 2.04650 2.04660
Engine-2 2.04650 2.04655 2.04655 2.04650 2.04660 2.04660 2.04650 2.04650
Engine-3 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650
Engine-4 2.04660 2.04670 2.04650 2.04660 2.04640 2.04640 2.04650 2.04650
Engine-5 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04640 2.04640 2.04640 2.04640
Engine-6 2.04670 2.04680 2.04670 2.04670 2.04670 2.04670 2.04670 2.04670
Engine-7 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650
Engine-8 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04640 2.04640 2.04640 2.04640
Engine-9 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04640 2.04640 2.04640 2.04640
Engine-10 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04640 2.04640 2.04660 2.04660
Engine-11 2.04680 2.04680 2.04650 2.04650 2.04640 2.04650 2.04660 2.04670
Engine-12 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650 2.04650


Official Measurements

Min Max Official Min Dev. Max Dev.
Journal 2.04640 2.04680 2.04650 -0.00010 0.00030
Bearing 2.04815 2.04840 2.04820 -0.00005 0.00020
Clearance 0.00135 0.00200 0.00170 -0.00035 0.00030


Measurement Deviations

Journal Size Deviations
2.04630 0
2.04640 17
2.04650 53
2.04660 14
2.04670 9
2.04680 3
2.04690 0
2.04700 0


References